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The Graben starts where the Kohlmarkt ends and thus continues the exclusive and vibrant shopping street and pedestrian zone in the center of Vienna. The Graben extends to St. Stephen's Cathedral, where it leads to the Kärntnerstraße. The boulevard in the heart of the city presents beautiful buildings from the 17th and 18th centuries that invite you to marvel and admire. The Graben forms the "golden U", together with the Kärntnerstraße and the Kohlmarkt, which stands for the Viennese (luxury) trade.
The Graben also has a few attractions, such as the Plague Column and the Grabenbrunnen.
If you want to recover from shopping, I have a tip for you: The famous Café Hawelka is located also on the Graben, you just have to turn into the Dorotheergasse and go to No. 6.
As well as having its cultural significance, St. Stephen's Cathedral is also of course a church:
Seven services are held on weekdays and ten on Sundays. Always wonderfully decorated, the cathedral church of St. Stephen's becomes particularly busy with churchgoers on high feast days such as Easter, Whitsun and Christmas, etc.
Services of general interest (marriages, requiem services of important public figures, etc.) are often broadcast live on television. On these special occasions and on high feast days, the Pummerin can be heard ringing in the services.
The building and the cultural asset that is St. Stephen's Cathedral
has been the subject of many books, picture books and studies, etc.
The uniqueness of this cathedral and the countless thousands of details of which it is comprised make St. Stephen's a treasure trove of art history and architecture.
Altars, portals, towers, columnar figures, pictures: each detail has its own purpose, background and history.
St. Stephen's Cathedral was severely damaged by fire in the last days of the Second World War and virtually reduced to rubble. But with seemingly everyone lending a hand, the cathedral was rebuilt in just seven years: the emblem of Austria and symbol of Austrian identity had risen once more from the ashes.
To preserve this cultural heritage site for the next generations and to prevent the building from falling into disrepair, St. Stephen's Cathedral must continue to be carefully restored.
The 1st district, Innere Stadt, has much more to offer besides all its top attractions. Apart from St. Stephen's Cathedral and Co, you will discover many great places and places in the city center - all you have to do is take your time and just go for a walk. I prefer to stroll through the countless small streets that are located around St. Stephen's Cathedral. So you have the opportunity to escape the large amounts of tourists and get to know more of the city of Vienna.
The 1st district is home to many excellent restaurants, bars and cafés. Attention: in some restaurants there is an elevated price level.
The Ringstraße with the Franz-Josefs-Kai leads round the historical centre. You can find a range of historical architecture and it's one of the main sights of Vienna.
The style of these buildings is called as Ringstraßenstil (an expression of historicism). Below you can find:
The State Opera, Town Hall, Parliament, the University of Vienna, Burgtheater, Museum of Applied Arts, the Natural History and Art History Museum.
The Ringstraße is perfect for a beautiful walk or for an exciting bike ride. Along the Ringstraße you will discover many highlights, such as the sights already mentioned, but also great restaurants, bars and the Burg Kino.
The park at Schönbrunn Palace was opened to the public around 1779 and since then has provided a popular recreational area for the Viennese population and international visitors alike. Extending for 1.2 km from east to west and approximately one kilometre from north to south, it was placed together with the palace on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1996.
The palace and its grounds form a unit and reflect each other, in accordance with the Baroque notion of the princely palace, according to which architecture and Nature should interpenetrate. The Baroque layout of the gardens, together with the additions made during the last decade of Maria Theresa's life, have survived more or less intact and today still determine the characteristic appearance of the gardens at Schönbrunn.
The Kohlmarkt is the most exclusive shopping street in Vienna. The shopping street is located in the 1st district and extends from the Michaelerplatz to the Graben. The Kohlmarkt is also known as Vienna's luxury mile, where you can high-quality jewelery, luxury watches and international fashion labels.
Not only international brands can be found here, but also Viennese traditional houses such as Wagner, Bucherer and Schullin.
The Kohlmarkt has a long history, dating back to the time of the Roman legion camp Vindobona. Later, countless k.u.k. court suppliers worked for the imperial court.
The Kohlmarkt attracts many visitors every day, some of them just want to enjoy the unique flair of the street.
The Vienna Town Hall is the seat of the government and administration of Vienna as well as an open house for citizens and guests of the city. The mayor of Vienna also has his official residence here. The town hall was built from 1872 to 1883 by Friedrich von Schmidt, who previously worked as a cathedral master builder in Cologne.
The Vienna City Hall counts as the most important non-church building in Vienna in the neo-gothic style. There are numerous events held every year, including the famous Life Ball, the beautifully decorated Christmas market and one of the most beautiful ice skating courses on site. The arcade courtyard of the Vienna City Hall with its 2,802 m2 is one of the largest courtyards in Europe.
If you are in the mood for a guided tour through the beautiful building, you can come by on Mondays, Wednesdays or Fridays at 1 pm without registration and have a look at the town hall from the inside.
The Austrian National Library, ÖNB, is located on Heldenplatz in the Neue Hofburg and is Austria's largest scientific and publicly accessible library. It collects all printing works produced in Austria, such as dissertations but also electronic media, such as the electronic journal library. The focus of the collections lies in the field of humanities. Historical newspapers and magazines are also online available.
Every day, many students visit the Austrian National Library to study there for hours. Very understandable, because it is absolutely quiet there and for summer there is even air conditioning. Who does not want to spend time in this historic and beautiful building?
The Karlskirche is one of the most beautiful churches in Vienna. The eye-catching sacred building with its mighty green dome, immediately catches the eye. The Karlskirche is the last work of Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, a baroque star architect from the 18th century. In 1739 began the construction of the Karlskirche. The sacred building was named after the patron saint of the Habsburg emperor, St. Charles Borromeo.
A special feature that the Karlskirche offers to its visitors is a lift, which enables visitors to go up to the dome. Through a window you have a unique view over Vienna.
Adults go for 8 €, pupils and students for 4 € and children up to 10 years are for free.
The Austrian Parliament is one of the most important buildings in the city. The parliament presents a style from Greek antiquity and was opened in 1883.
Today, the National Council and the Federal Council of the Republic of Austria meet here.
Due to the renovations, the interior of Parliament can not be visited until 2021. In front of the parliament is a container that provides information for tourists.